MITMf aims to provide a one-stop-shop for Man-In-The-Middle and network attacks while updating and improving existing attacks and techniques.
- The framework contains a built-in SMB, HTTP and DNS server that can be controlled and used by the various plugins, it also contains a modified version of the SSLStrip proxy that allows for HTTP modification and a partial HSTS bypass.
- As of version 0.9.8, MITMf supports active packet filtering and manipulation (basically what etterfilters did, only better), allowing users to modify any type of traffic or protocol.
- The configuration file can be edited on-the-fly while MITMf is running, the changes will be passed down through the framework: this allows you to tweak settings of plugins and servers while performing an attack.
- MITMf will capture FTP, IRC, POP, IMAP, Telnet, SMTP, SNMP (community strings), NTLMv1/v2 (all supported protocols like HTTP, SMB, LDAP etc.) and Kerberos credentials by using Net-Creds, which is run on startup.
- Responder integration allows for LLMNR, NBT-NS and MDNS poisoning and WPAD rogue server support.
Follow these instructions to install MITMf on your Kali machine then run mitmf -h to see its options.
Type these commands: mitmf -i wlan0 –spoof –arp –hsts –dns –gateway 192.168.1.1 Just change your interface and gateway address you can get your gateway by typing route -n
Press enter to see the magic of mitmf in front of your eyes.
Information keeps on flowing. Oops HSTS is bypassed…
The userid I entered.
I tested it on a SSL-enabled banking page using my mobile phone but look I’m still able to sniff the traffic on plain text. I couldn’t make it work on Facebook, Gmail and Yahoo but I think there’s a lot of secured websites out there that you can still hack with the tool. So test it for yourself and comment below the websites that can work with MITMf. Good luck to your sniffing test!
In Kali there are few tools to find hidden network or SSID, for example you can use aircrack-ng to view hidden SSIDs but their full network name will stay hidden on the screen unless you deauth a connected client and when it tries to reconnect the networks name will appear. The easiest way to find hidden networks is using a tool called Kismet. Enter command kismet -h to show the options. Type kismet -c wlan1 (depends on your wireless card sometimes wlan0, eth0).
Kismet will ask you if you want to start the server choose Yes
There you go the hidden network was detected!
To know more details on the network same as the picture below just click it. The point here is hiding your network is pretty useless option.
In my previous tutorial I show how to crack WPA password but now let’s downgrade on cracking WEP that is less secure and easier to crack than WPA password, easier than eating popcorn. In cracking WEP password you don’t need to use any wordlist because cracking the key depends on the initialization vectors you’ve captured and the tool will automatically crack the key. Fire up Fern Cracker once again you goddamn bastard!
- Choose the wireless card (ex. wlan0, wlan1, eth0)
- Scan for wireless APs nearby
- When there’s available WEP APs the WEP button will be abled, just click the button and it will open the attack panel.
This panel will show you useful information on the router. – channel, ESSID, BSID. Click your target router, tick the regular attack and on the upper right side click wifi attack. When everything goes smoothly you’ll see the increasing number of IVs like the picture above. Take note that the speed of IVs depends on the connected devices using the network because if they are just connected but not browsing something the attack will be very slow.
27133 IVs and counting still no WEP key but in this world for us to exist, patience is virtue. You can leave it there and watch your favorite tv show.
Alas! the WEP key! a 26-digit key that you can enter as password or if you want you can decrypt the password using online hex to ascii converters. To sum it, if you’re still using WEP change it to more secure WPA/WPA2. There’s another tool that can crack WEP like wifite that I will use in my upcoming tutorials.
CeWL, the Custom Word List generator. CeWL is a ruby app which spiders a given url to a specified depth, optionally following external links, and returns a list of words which can then be used for password crackers such as John the Ripper. CeWL also has an associated command line app, FAB (Files Already Bagged) which uses the same meta data extraction techniques to create author/creator lists from already downloaded.
Type cewl -h for help
- cewl -v -m 8 -w /root/Desktop/cewl.txt example.com
-v verbose, -m minimum word length to crawl, -w write output to a file and website CeWL will crawl. Grab coffee or beer because this will take sometime it depends on how big is your target website.
After finishing the scan you want to know how many words are added to the file type wc -l /root/Desktop/cewl.txt to count the number of words. As you see 548 words are added to my wordlist. What now? You can feed it on Aircrack, Pyrit, or John the Ripper because most of the time admins are using usernames and passwords that you can easily find in their websites.
Nmap (“Network Mapper”) is a free and open source utility for network discovery and security auditing. Many systems and network administrators also find it useful for tasks such as network inventory, managing service upgrade schedules, and monitoring host or service uptime. Nmap uses raw IP packets in novel ways to determine what hosts are available on the network, what services (application name and version) those hosts are offering, what operating systems (and OS versions) they are running, what type of packet filters/firewalls are in use, and dozens of other characteristics. It was designed to rapidly scan large networks, but works fine against single hosts. Nmap runs on all major computer operating systems, and official binary packages are available for Linux, Windows, and Mac OS X.
I’m going to show how to scan your own network using Nmap with these simple steps. Take note that Nmap is already installed in Kali all you need is type the following to list all commands.
Let’s scan first with -v verbose mode to gather info about the network where you can clearly see the open ports and mac address of the router. Here you can insert your target’s IP address or webpage like nmap -v 192.168.1.1 or nmap -v example.com
The second scan enable OS detection, version detection and script scanning, here you can see lot of information about the network, OS details, traceroute, even the router’s admin page was included.
The scan to see the open ports of the router and there’s my router’s open ports – 4 in all.
And to see the connected devices in the network type
Now you saw how simple Nmap commands can find important information on your target network. All you have to do is try all the commands against your network and not your neighborhood. Happy Hacking!
What is Bettercap?
Bettercap is a powerful tool to perform various types of Man-In-The-Middle (MITM) attacks against the network, manipulate HTTP and HTTPS traffic in realtime and much more.
Some of the main features include:
- Full and half duplex ARP spoofing.
- The first real ICMP DoubleDirect spoofing implementation.
- Configurable DNS spoofing.
- Realtime and completely automatized host discovery.
- Realtime credentials harvesting for protocols such as HTTP(S) POSTed data, Basic and Digest Authentications, FTP, IRC, POP, IMAP, SMTP, NTLM ( HTTP, SMB, LDAP, etc ) and more.
- Fully customizable network sniffer.
- Modular HTTP and HTTPS transparent proxies with support for user plugins + builtin plugins to inject custom HTML code, JS or CSS files and URLs.
- Builtin HTTP server.
And much more! – Bettercap website
To cut it short this tool can sniff visited passwords and websites,spoof,sslstrip over wifi networks. Bettercap is not installed in Kali so you need to install one by typing:
- gem install bettercap then press enter
After installing type:
- bettercap -h it will give you the commands available for the tool like below
The next part is choosing your victim’s mac address by using nmap or airodump. There’s a lot of tools to find the connected devices and after choosing your victim let’s move on sniffing part!
- bettercap -X -L -T (mac address…)
While you have the option in choosing your victims one by one you can also sniff all the devices connected to the network with the next command.
There’s more useful commands with bettercap available, it depends on what you want to capture, you can even specify the parsers to use. Endless possibilities!
This is my old hobby since Backtrack days – penetration testing. But time has come a new distro has emerge complete with all tools called Kali. Let’s start first with installing Kali Linux on your machine – dual boot, virtual machine, Google is filled with tutorials on where to download and how to install Kali on different OSes so I’m going to skip that part. Most of the tools in this site are already included in Kali because it is packed with more than 300-plus tools and I will only include installation tutorials on tools that are not installed. So what are you doing? Start booting Linux and Enjoy Hacking!! 🙂